2020高考改革进行时

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(原标题:2020高考改革进行时)

2020(高)(考)(改)(革)(进)(行)(时)(编)(者)(按)(今)(天)(,)1071(万)(考)(生)(走)(进)(考)(场)(,)2020(年)(高)(考)(大)(幕)(正)(式)(拉)(开)(。)(这)(场)(高)(考)(注)(定)(不)(平)(凡)(。)(这)(一)(年)(,)(突)(如)(其)(来)(的)(新)(冠)(肺)(炎)(疫)(情)(,)(让)(高)(三)(学)(生)(转)(入)(网)(上)(学)(习)(、)(网)(上)(备)(考)(,)(高)(考)(被)(迫)(延)(期)(一)(个)(月)(。)(这)(一)(年)(,)(新)(高)(考)(在)(北)(京)(、)(天)(津)(、)(山)(东)(、)(海)(南)(正)(式)(落)(地)(实)(施)(。)(这)(一)(年)(,)(自)(主)(招)(生)(取)(消)(,)(强)(基)(计)(划)(启)(动)(,)(高)(职)(连)(续)(第)(二)(年)(大)(扩)(招)(。)(同)(时)(,)(这)(是)(我)(国)(高)(等)(教)(育)(迈)(入)(普)(及)(化)(阶)(段)(后)(的)(第)(一)(次)(高)(考)(。)(高)(考)(首)(日)(,)(让)(我)(们)(跟)(随)(中)(国)(教)(育)(在)(线)(最)(新)(出)(炉)(的)(“)2020(高)(招)(报)(告)(”)(,)(一)(起)(走)(近)2020(年)(的)(“)(非)(常)(”)(高)(考)(。)(高)(考)(报)(名)(人)(数)(创)(新)(高)(,)(高)(等)(职)(业)(教)(育)(迈)(向)(高)(质)(量)(高)(考)(报)(名)(人)(数)(达)1071(万)(教)(育)(部)(日)(前)(公)(布)(,)2020(年)(我)(国)(高)(考)(报)(名)(人)(数)(达)1071(万)(,)(突)(破)(了)2008(年)(的)(峰)(值)1050(万)(,)(创)(造)(了)1977(年)(恢)(复)(高)(考)(以)(来)(的)(历)(史)(新)(高)(。)(与)2008(年)(不)(同)(的)(是)(,)(如)(今)(我)(国)(高)(考)(的)(录)(取)(人)(数)(也)(在)(不)(断)(攀)(升)(。)2019(年)(,)(我)(国)(普)(通)(高)(校)(本)(专)(科)(招)(生)(总)(人)(数)(达)(到)(了)914.9(万)(。)(而)2008(年)(,)(本)(专)(科)(招)(生)(总)(人)(数)(为)607.66(万)(。)2019(年)(,)(我)(国)(高)(等)(教)(育)(毛)(入)(学)(率)(达)(到)(了)51.6%(,)(在)(学)(总)(规)(模)(也)(首)(次)(突)(破)4000(万)(人)(,)(我)(国)(高)(等)(教)(育)(正)(式)(进)(入)(普)(及)(化)(阶)(段)(。)(高)(职)(百)(万)(大)(扩)(招)(任)(务)(完)(成)(,)(今)(明)(两)(年)(将)(继)(续)(扩)(招)200(万)2019(年)(高)(职)(院)(校)(大)(规)(模)(扩)(招)100(万)(人)(的)(计)(划)(,)(开)(启)(了)(我)(国)(高)(等)(教)(育)(的)(又)(一)(轮)(大)(扩)(招)(。)(教)(育)(部)(公)(布)(的)(数)(据)(显)(示)(,)2019(年)(高)(职)(扩)(招)(共)116(万)(人)(,)(百)(万)(扩)(招)(如)(期)(顺)(利)(完)(成)(。)(目)(前)(,)(我)(国)(高)(等)(职)(业)(教)(育)(设)(有)19(个)(专)(业)(大)(类)(。)(招)(生)(规)(模)(的)(扩)(大)(,)(倒)(逼)(着)(高)(职)(教)(育)(的)(改)(革)(发)(展)(驶)(入)(“)(快)(车)(道)(”)(。)2019(年)(,)(“)(双)(高)(计)(划)(”)(“)1+X(”)(证)(书)(制)(度)(、)(本)(科)(层)(次)(职)(业)(教)(育)(试)(点)(等)(高)(等)(职)(业)(教)(育)(领)(域)(的)(综)(合)(改)(革)(措)(施)(逐)(步)(落)(地)(实)(施)(,)(为)(高)(等)(职)(业)(教)(育)(的)(高)(质)(量)(发)(展)(提)(供)(了)(支)(撑)(。)(发)(展)(本)(科)(层)(次)(职)(业)(教)(育)(,)(是)(我)(国)(高)(等)(职)(业)(教)(育)(向)(现)(代)(职)(业)(教)(育)(体)(系)(转)(型)(的)(重)(要)(一)(步)(,)(也)(为)(提)(升)(高)(等)(职)(业)(教)(育)(质)(量)(提)(供)(了)(契)(机)(。)2018(年)12(月)(,)(教)(育)(部)(开)(始)(布)(局)(本)(科)(层)(次)(职)(业)(教)(育)(。)(自)2019(年)(至)(今)(,)(教)(育)(部)(分)(两)(批)(公)(布)21(所)(本)(科)(层)(次)(职)(业)(教)(育)(试)(点)(院)(校)(更)(名)(为)(大)(学)(。)(确)(保)(考)(生)(安)(全)(健)(康)(,)(最)(大)(限)(度)(保)(障)(教)(育)(公)(平)(新)(冠)(肺)(炎)(疫)(情)(不)(可)(避)(免)(地)(影)(响)(到)(高)(考)(,)(为)(确)(保)(考)(生)(生)(命)(安)(全)(和)(身)(体)(健)(康)(,)(教)(育)(部)(叫)(停)(线)(下)(聚)(集)(性)(考)(试)(,)(高)(考)(整)(体)(推)(迟)(到)7(月)7-8(日)(举)(行)(。)(与)(高)(考)(相)(关)(的)(一)(系)(列)(招)(生)(考)(试)(工)(作)(也)(有)(所)(调)(整)(。)(艺)(术)(类)(专)(业)(招)(生)(考)(试)(工)(作)(,)(提)(出)(原)(则)(上)(高)(考)(前)(不)(组)(织)(现)(场)(校)(考)(,)(要)(求)(高)(校)(尽)(可)(能)(减)(少)(校)(考)(专)(业)(范)(围)(。)(对)(于)(确)(须)(组)(织)(校)(考)(的)(专)(业)(,)(在)(确)(保)(公)(平)(、)(公)(正)(的)(前)(提)(下)(,)(鼓)(励)(高)(校)(采)(取)(考)(生)(提)(交)(作)(品)(、)(网)(上)(视)(频)(面)(试)(等)(非)(现)(场)(考)(核)(方)(式)(进)(行)(考)(核)(。)(对)(于)(专)(业)(性)(强)(且)(拟)(继)(续)(组)(织)(校)(考)(的)(高)(校)(,)(鼓)(励)(先)(通)(过)(提)(交)(作)(品)(、)(网)(上)(视)(频)(面)(试)(等)(非)(现)(场)(考)(核)(方)(式)(对)(报)(名)(考)(生)(进)(行)(初)(选)(,)(在)(高)(考)(后)(再)(组)(织)(现)(场)(校)(考)(。)(据)(悉)(,)(今)(年)(共)(有)199(所)(高)(校)(组)(织)(了)(艺)(术)(类)(专)(业)(线)(上)(考)(试)(录)(取)(或)(初)(选)(。)(此)(外)(,)(“)(强)(基)(计)(划)(”)(有)(关)(时)(间)(节)(点)(顺)(延)(一)(个)(月)(,)(体)(育)(类)(招)(生)(考)(试)(延)(迟)(至)6(月)(举)(行)(。)(确)(保)(公)(平)(公)(正)(是)(高)(考)(的)(基)(本)(价)(值)(取)(向)(。)3(月)31(日)(,)(教)(育)(部)(召)(开)(部)(署)2020(年)(高)(考)(工)(作)(视)(频)(会)(议)(上)(,)(提)(到)(必)(须)(坚)(持)(“)(公)(平)(第)(一)(”)(,)(切)(实)(把)(疫)(情)(对)(广)(大)(考)(生)(特)(别)(是)(农)(村)(和)(贫)(困)(地)(区)(考)(生)(复)(习)(备)(考)(的)(影)(响)(降)(到)(最)(低)(,)(最)(大)(限)(度)(地)(保)(障)(教)(育)(公)(平)(。)(教)(育)(部)(考)(试)(中)(心)(也)(一)(再)(强)(调)(,)2020(年)(高)(考)(命)(题)(保)(持)(平)(稳)(。)(另)(外)(,)(在)(与)(高)(考)(相)(关)(的)(招)(生)(考)(试)(工)(作)(部)(署)(上)(,)(教)(育)(部)(也)(专)(门)(提)(到)(了)(对)(农)(村)(和)(贫)(困)(地)(区)(考)(生)(的)(保)(障)(。)(对)(于)(艺)(术)(类)(专)(业)(招)(生)(考)(试)(工)(作)(,)(教)(育)(部)(提)(出)(,)(有)(关)(高)(校)(要)(为)(农)(村)(和)(贫)(困)(地)(区)(等)(不)(具)(备)(条)(件)(的)(考)(生)(提)(供)(参)(加)(考)(试)(的)(兜)(底)(条)(件)(保)(障)(。)(对)(于)(“)(三)(大)(专)(项)(”)(的)(招)(生)(工)(作)(,)(要)(结)(合)(农)(村)(和)(贫)(困)(地)(区)(实)(际)(及)(疫)(情)(防)(控)(情)(况)(,)(积)(极)(开)(展)(形)(式)(多)(样)(的)(招)(生)(宣)(传)(,)(为)(考)(生)(提)(供)(政)(策)(解)(读)(和)(咨)(询)(指)(导)(,)(努)(力)(提)(高)(宣)(传)(实)(效)(。)(取)(消)(自)(主)(招)(生)(,)(实)(施)(“)(强)(基)(计)(划)(”)(不)(再)(组)(织)(开)(展)(高)(校)(自)(主)(招)(生)(工)(作)(,)(取)(消)(“)(省)(级)(优)(秀)(学)(生)(”)(保)(送)(生)(资)(格)2020(年)1(月)(,)(“)(教)(育)(部)(关)(于)(在)(部)(分)(高)(校)(开)(展)(基)(础)(学)(科)(招)(生)(改)(革)(试)(点)(工)(作)(的)(意)(见)(”)(印)(发)(,)(决)(定)2020(年)(起)(,)(不)(再)(组)(织)(开)(展)(高)(校)(自)(主)(招)(生)(工)(作)(。)(不)(只)(是)(自)(主)(招)(生)(,)(对)(于)(艺)(术)(类)(、)(高)(水)(平)(艺)(术)(团)(、)(高)(水)(平)(运)(动)(队)(等)(其)(他)(特)(殊)(类)(型)(招)(生)(工)(作)(,)(教)(育)(部)(也)(对)(资)(格)(审)(核)(、)(考)(试)(报)(名)(、)(考)(务)(管)(理)(等)(各)(项)(工)(作)(明)(确)(提)(出)(了)(更)(加)(严)(格)(的)(规)(范)(。)(保)(送)(生)(方)(面)(,)(自)2014(年)(起)(,)(保)(送)(生)(人)(数)(开)(始)(大)(幅)(缩)(减)(,)(从)(每)(年)(拟)(录)(取)6000(余)(人)(,)(下)(降)(至)2000(人)(左)(右)(。)2020(年)(,)(全)(国)(仅)(有)51(所)(院)(校)(拟)(录)(取)(保)(送)(生)2042(人)(,)(为)(历)(年)(来)(最)(低)(。)(教)(育)(部)(规)(定)(,)2017(年)(秋)(季)(及)(以)(后)(进)(入)(高)(中)(阶)(段)(一)(年)(级)(的)(学)(生)(,)(获)(得)(“)(省)(级)(优)(秀)(学)(生)(”)(称)(号)(的)(不)(再)(具)(有)(保)(送)(资)(格)(条)(件)(。)(这)(也)(就)(意)(味)(着)(,)2020(年)(起)(,)(保)(送)(生)(招)(生)(取)(消)(对)(获)(得)(“)(省)(级)(优)(秀)(学)(生)(”)(称)(号)(的)(保)(送)(资)(格)(条)(件)(。)(目)(前)(,)(仅)(有)(四)(类)(学)(生)(仍)(具)(备)(高)(校)(保)(送)(生)(资)(格)(:)(中)(学)(生)(学)(科)(奥)(林)(匹)(克)(竞)(赛)(国)(家)(集)(训)(队)(成)(员)(、)(部)(分)(外)(国)(语)(中)(学)(推)(荐)(优)(秀)(学)(生)(、)(公)(安)(英)(烈)(子)(女)(、)(退)(役)(运)(动)(员)(。)(“)(强)(基)(计)(划)(”)(招)(生)(中)(,)(数)(学)(、)(物)(理)(相)(关)(专)(业)(招)(生)(院)(校)(数)(量)(最)(多)2020(年)(起)(,)(教)(育)(部)(决)(定)(在)36(所)(试)(点)(高)(校)(开)(展)(基)(础)(学)(科)(招)(生)(改)(革)(()(也)(称)(“)(强)(基)(计)(划)(”)())(,)(探)(索)(基)(础)(学)(科)(拔)(尖)(创)(新)(人)(才)(培)(养)(模)(式)(。)(通)(过)(对)(各)(试)(点)(高)(校)(“)(强)(基)(计)(划)(”)(招)(生)(专)(业)(的)(统)(计)(分)(析)(可)(以)(看)(到)(,)(数)(学)(、)(物)(理)(、)(化)(学)(、)(生)(物)(及)(历)(史)(、)(哲)(学)(、)(古)(文)(字)(学)(等)(相)(关)(专)(业)(的)(招)(生)(院)(校)(数)(量)(较)(多)(。)(其)(中)(,)(数)(学)(、)(物)(理)(相)(关)(专)(业)(的)(招)(生)(院)(校)(数)(量)(最)(多)(,)(各)(有)31(所)(。)(除)(此)(以)(外)(,)(个)(别)(高)(校)(在)(核)(科)(学)(与)(技)(术)(、)(力)(学)(、)(基)(础)(医)(学)(等)(关)(键)(学)(科)(领)(域)(也)(设)(置)(了)(招)(生)(专)(业)(。)(就)(学)(科)(实)(力)(来)(说)(,)(各)(高)(校)(在)(“)(强)(基)(计)(划)(”)(的)(招)(生)(专)(业)(上)(集)(中)(了)(各)(自)(的)(优)(势)(力)(量)(。)(据)(统)(计)(,)(有)(超)(过)(半)(数)(的)(试)(点)(高)(校)(招)(生)(专)(业)(的)(相)(关)(学)(科)(在)(第)(四)(轮)(学)(科)(评)(估)(中)(获)(得)(了)A(等)(级)(()(包)(括)A+(,)A(,)A-())(。)(值)(得)(一)(提)(的)(是)(,)(北)(京)(大)(学)2020(年)(招)(生)(的)(“)(强)(基)(计)(划)(”)(专)(业)(相)(关)(学)(科)(,)(在)(第)(四)(轮)(学)(科)(评)(估)(中)(均)(获)(得)(了)A+(,)(可)(以)(说)(是)(最)(强)(阵)(容)(。)(()(注)(:)(由)(于)(与)(第)(四)(轮)(学)(科)(评)(估)(的)(学)(科)(分)(类)(不)(匹)(配)(,)(该)(统)(计)(中)(不)(包)(括)(历)(史)(学)(相)(关)(专)(业)(。)())(“)(强)(基)(计)(划)(”)(不)(单)(单)(是)(招)(生)(计)(划)(,)(也)(是)(培)(养)(计)(划)(,)(与)(高)(校)(的)(人)(才)(培)(养)(体)(系)(密)(切)(相)(关)(。)36(所)(试)(点)(高)(校)(在)(发)(布)(招)(生)(方)(案)(的)(同)(时)(,)(也)(发)(布)(了)(相)(关)(的)(人)(才)(培)(养)(方)(案)(,)(并)(在)(人)(才)(培)(养)(模)(式)(上)(提)(出)(了)(一)(系)(列)(创)(新)(举)(措)(:)(单)(独)(编)(班)(,)(学)(科)(交)(叉)(培)(养)(,)(强)(化)(通)(识)(教)(育)(,)(实)(行)(导)(师)(制)(,)(本)-(硕)-(博)(贯)(通)(式)(人)(才)(培)(养)(机)(制)(等)(。)(如)(,)(山)(东)(大)(学)(设)(计)(了)(“)3+1+X(”)(模)(式)(进)(行)(本)(硕)(博)(衔)(接)(式)(培)(养)(。)(南)(京)(大)(学)(不)(仅)(单)(独)(设)(计)(培)(养)(方)(案)(,)(甚)(至)(明)(确)(承)(诺)(“)(每)(生)(一)(项)(目)(、)(一)(导)(师)(、)(一)(游)(学)(”)(。)(上)(海)(交)(大)(则)(把)(“)(强)(基)(计)(划)(”)(纳)(入)(该)(校)(王)(牌)(培)(养)(模)(式)(“)(致)(远)(书)(院)(”)(,)(为)(每)(一)(个)(“)(强)(基)(计)(划)(”)(学)(生)(建)(立)(单)(独)(的)(成)(长)(档)(案)(。)(清)(华)(大)(学)(新)(成)(立)(的)(日)(新)(、)(致)(理)(、)(探)(微)(、)(未)(央)(、)(行)(健)(五)(大)(书)(院)(是)(“)(强)(基)(计)(划)(”)(方)(案)(的)(一)(大)(亮)(点)(,)(也)(是)(清)(华)(大)(学)(本)(科)(人)(才)(培)(养)(的)(一)(次)(创)(新)(。)(高)(考)(成)(绩)(是)(“)(强)(基)(计)(划)(”)(招)(生)(录)(取)(的)(重)(要)(依)(据)(作)(为)(高)(校)(选)(拔)(基)(础)(学)(科)(拔)(尖)(创)(新)(人)(才)(的)(重)(要)(渠)(道)(,)(“)(强)(基)(计)(划)(”)(在)(招)(生)(选)(拔)(中)(,)(对)(学)(校)(数)(量)(及)(招)(生)(规)(模)(都)(做)(了)(较)(为)(严)(格)(的)(限)(制)(。)(据)(不)(完)(全)(统)(计)(,)31(所)(试)(点)(高)(校)(今)(年)(总)(共)(计)(划)(招)(生)(人)(数)(为)3750(人)(()(清)(华)(、)(北)(大)(、)(浙)(大)(、)(复)(旦)(、)(同)(济)(未)(公)(布)(具)(体)(招)(生)(人)(数)())(。)(其)(中)(,)(南)(大)(、)(西)(安)(交)(大)(、)(上)(海)(交)(大)(、)(中)(国)(科)(大)(计)(划)(招)(生)(人)(数)(最)(多)(,)(均)(为)210(人)(,)(中)(国)(海)(大)(、)(中)(国)(农)(大)(、)(中)(央)(民)(大)(、)(电)(子)(科)(大)(计)(划)(招)(生)(人)(数)(最)(少)(,)(仅)(为)30(人)(。)(高)(考)(成)(绩)(是)(“)(强)(基)(计)(划)(”)(招)(生)(录)(取)(的)(重)(要)(依)(据)(。)(有)35(所)(高)(校)(规)(定)(,)(“)(强)(基)(计)(划)(”)(录)(取)(时)(的)(综)(合)(成)(绩)(中)(,)(高)(考)(成)(绩)(占)(比)(为)85%(,)(南)(开)(大)(学)(更)(是)(提)(高)(到)(了)90%(。)(扶)(贫)(先)(扶)(智)(,)(打)(好)(招)(生)(脱)(贫)(攻)(坚)(战)(继)(续)(实)(行)(“)(三)(大)(专)(项)(”)(,)(高)(水)(平)(大)(学)(专)(项)(招)(生)(计)(划)(稳)(定)(随)(着)(我)(国)(贫)(困)(人)(口)(的)(减)(少)(,)(高)(校)(招)(生)(中)(面)(向)(农)(村)(和)(贫)(困)(地)(区)(生)(源)(的)(“)(三)(大)(专)(项)(”)(()(国)(家)(专)(项)(、)(地)(方)(专)(项)(、)(高)(校)(专)(项)())(政)(策)(继)(续)(保)(持)(稳)(定)(。)2016(至)2018(三)(年)(间)(,)(我)(国)(“)(三)(大)(专)(项)(”)(录)(取)(人)(数)(稳)(中)(有)(升)(,)(近)(年)(来)(一)(直)(稳)(定)(在)10(万)(人)(左)(右)(。)(高)(水)(平)(大)(学)(面)(向)(农)(村)(和)(贫)(困)(地)(区)(考)(生)(的)(招)(生)(计)(划)(人)(数)(稳)(中)(有)(升)(,)(为)(农)(村)(学)(子)(提)(供)(了)(更)(多)(上)(好)(大)(学)(的)(机)(会)(。)(通)(过)(对)(西)(安)(交)(通)(大)(学)(、)(同)(济)(大)(学)(、)(哈)(尔)(滨)(工)(业)(大)(学)(、)(上)(海)(交)(通)(大)(学)(等)(重)(点)(高)(校)(的)(“)(国)(家)(专)(项)(”)(招)(生)(计)(划)(进)(行)(统)(计)(分)(析)(发)(现)(,)(近)(三)(年)(来)(计)(划)(招)(生)(人)(数)(相)(对)(稳)(定)(,)(且)(有)(小)(幅)(上)(升)(。)(哈)(尔)(滨)(工)(业)(大)(学)(虽)(在)2018(年)(有)(较)(为)(明)(显)(下)(降)(,)(但)2019(年)(也)(有)(所)(回)(升)(。)(教)(育)(部)(在)(对)2020(年)(重)(点)(高)(校)(招)(收)(农)(村)(和)(贫)(困)(地)(区)(学)(生)(工)(作)(进)(行)(部)(署)(时)(提)(到)(,)(国)(家)(专)(项)(计)(划)(实)(施)(区)(域)(的)(贫)(困)(县)(脱)(贫)(后)2020(年)(仍)(可)(继)(续)(享)(受)(国)(家)(专)(项)(计)(划)(政)(策)(。)(定)(向)(招)(生)(,)(补)(充)(中)(西)(部)(农)(村)(教)(师)(、)(医)(生)(人)(才)(为)(快)(速)(补)(充)(中)(西)(部)(等)(贫)(困)(地)(区)(较)(为)(集)(中)(、)(经)(济)(社)(会)(相)(对)(来)(说)(欠)(发)(达)(区)(域)(的)(某)(些)(特)(定)(人)(才)(,)(国)(家)(和)(地)(方)(在)(高)(校)(招)(生)(中)(设)(置)(了)(公)(费)(定)(向)(招)(生)(计)(划)(,)(主)(要)(是)(教)(师)(和)(医)(生)(人)(才)(。)(一)(方)(面)(可)(以)(圆)(寒)(门)(学)(子)(的)(大)(学)(梦)(,)(另)(一)(方)(面)(也)(为)(这)(些)(地)(区)(补)(充)(了)(优)(秀)(的)(教)(师)(、)(医)(生)(等)(人)(才)(,)(推)(动)(了)(教)(育)(、)(医)(疗)(事)(业)(的)(发)(展)(。)(近)(几)(年)(,)(高)(校)(招)(收)(的)(公)(费)(师)(范)(生)(和)(公)(费)(医)(学)(生)(规)(模)(均)(有)(所)(增)(加)(。)2007(年)(起)(,)(国)(家)(依)(托)(北)(京)(师)(范)(大)(学)(、)(华)(东)(师)(范)(大)(学)(、)(东)(北)(师)(范)(大)(学)(、)(华)(中)(师)(范)(大)(学)(、)(陕)(西)(师)(范)(大)(学)(、)(西)(南)(大)(学)(等)6(所)(教)(育)(部)(直)(属)(师)(范)(大)(学)(实)(施)(了)(师)(范)(生)(免)(费)(教)(育)(试)(点)(。)2018(年)(,)(“)(教)(育)(部)(直)(属)(师)(范)(大)(学)(师)(范)(生)(公)(费)(教)(育)(实)(施)(办)(法)(”)(发)(布)(,)(改)(进)(并)(完)(善)(了)(师)(范)(生)(公)(费)(教)(育)(政)(策)(,)(将)(履)(约)(服)(务)(期)(调)(整)(为)6(年)(,)(恰)(好)(覆)(盖)(小)(学)(或)(中)(学)(的)(完)(整)(教)(育)(周)(期)(。)2019(年)(,)6(所)(教)(育)(部)(直)(属)(师)(范)(大)(学)(招)(收)(公)(费)(师)(范)(生)8441(人)(,)(比)2018(年)(增)(加)2015(人)(。)(同)(时)(,)(国)(家)(公)(费)(师)(范)(生)(政)(策)(也)(带)(动)(了)(各)(省)(()(区)(、)(市)())(的)(地)(方)(公)(费)(师)(范)(教)(育)(的)(发)(展)(。)2010(年)(起)(,)(为)(提)(高)(我)(国)(农)(村)(医)(疗)(卫)(生)(服)(务)(水)(平)(,)(补)(充)(中)(西)(部)(地)(区)(乡)(镇)(卫)(生)(院)(的)(全)(科)(医)(生)(,)(国)(家)(开)(始)(实)(施)(“)(农)(村)(订)(单)(定)(向)(医)(学)(生)(免)(费)(培)(养)(计)(划)(”)(,)(至)(今)(已)(实)(施)10(年)(。)(自)2017(年)(,)(国)(家)(免)(费)(医)(学)(生)(招)(生)(计)(划)(明)(显)(增)(加)(,)(本)(科)(阶)(段)(招)(生)(计)(划)(人)(数)(由)(以)(前)(的)5000(余)(人)(,)(逐)(步)(增)(长)(到)(了)2020(年)6822(人)(。)(()(作)(者)(:)(中)(国)(教)(育)(在)(线)(高)(考)(研)(究)(院) (执)(笔)(人)(:)(李)(马)(英)(夏)(、)(徐)(明)(磊)())(链)(接)(新)(冠)(肺)(炎)(疫)(情)(对)(高)(考)(生)(的)(影)(响)(●)(疫)(情)(给)(大)(多)(数)(高)(考)(生)(带)(来)(心)(理)(压)(力)(高)(三)(对)(于)(高)(中)(生)(来)(讲)(是)(一)(个)(关)(键)(时)(期)(,)(高)(三)(学)(生)(原)(本)(所)(承)(受)(的)(压)(力)(就)(较)(大)(,)(加)(上)(疫)(情)(对)(大)(众)(的)(心)(理)(健)(康)(产)(生)(的)(较)(大)(影)(响)(,)(考)(生)(容)(易)(产)(生)(焦)(虑)(、)(恐)(慌)(、)(悲)(观)(等)(情)(绪)(。)(调)(查)(显)(示)(,)(新)(冠)(肺)(炎)(疫)(情)(确)(实)(给)(绝)(大)(多)(数)2020(届)(高)(考)(生)(带)(来)(了)(心)(理)(压)(力)(,)68.58%(的)(高)(考)(生)(表)(示)(有)(一)(定)(心)(理)(压)(力)(,)19.4%(表)(示)(有)(很)(大)(心)(理)(压)(力)(,)(另)(有)12.02%(表)(示)(没)(有)(额)(外)(心)(理)(压)(力)(。)(●)(超)(九)(成)(高)(考)(生)(认)(为)(疫)(情)(影)(响)(学)(习)(疫)(情)(之)(下)(,)(高)(考)(生)(无)(法)(正)(常)(复)(学)(,)(难)(免)(会)(对)(其)(学)(习)(效)(果)(产)(生)(影)(响)(。)(调)(查)(显)(示)(,)(超)(九)(成)(高)(考)(生)(认)(为)(,)(新)(冠)(肺)(炎)(疫)(情)(对)(自)(己)(的)(学)(习)(效)(果)(产)(生)(了)(影)(响)(。)(其)(中)(,)27.72%(的)(高)(考)(生)(认)(为)(影)(响)(很)(大)(,)64.4%(的)(高)(考)(生)(认)(为)(有)(一)(定)(影)(响)(,)(仅)(有)7.88%(的)(高)(考)(生)(认)(为)(没)(有)(影)(响)(。)(疫)(情)(期)(间)(,)(教)(育)(部)(要)(求)(“)(停)(课)(不)(停)(学)(”)(,)(绝)(大)(多)(数)(学)(校)(采)(取)(了)(网)(络)(授)(课)(的)(形)(式)(,)(高)(三)(学)(生)(也)(不)(例)(外)(。)(整)(体)(看)(来)(,)(约)(有)(半)(数)(以)(上)(的)(高)(考)(生)(认)(为)(网)(络)(授)(课)(的)(效)(果)(一)(般)(,)22.01%(认)(为)(效)(果)(很)(差)(,)(仅)(有)17.93%(和)6.79%(的)(高)(考)(生)(认)(为)(网)(络)(授)(课)(的)(效)(果)(较)(好)(或)(很)(好)(。)(但)(对)(于)(不)(同)(学)(习)(水)(平)(的)(高)(考)(生)(来)(说)(,)(网)(络)(授)(课)(的)(效)(果)(略)(有)(不)(同)(。)(在)(年)(级)(排)(名)(前)20%(的)(高)(考)(生)(中)(,)(有)10.45%(认)(为)(网)(络)(授)(课)(效)(果)(很)(好)(,)24.63%(认)(为)(较)(好)(,)(这)(一)(比)(例)(显)(著)(高)(于)(其)(他)(学)(生)(。)(●)(近)(半)(考)(生)(认)(为)(高)(考)(成)(绩)(将)(保)(持)(正)(常)(虽)(然)(新)(冠)(肺)(炎)(疫)(情)(给)(高)(考)(生)(带)(了)(一)(些)(负)(面)(影)(响)(,)(但)(总)(体)(来)(讲)(,)(大)(多)(数)2020(届)(高)(考)(生)(对)(于)(今)(年)(高)(考)(还)(是)(有)(信)(心)(的)(。)(调)(查)(显)(示)(,)(有)49.46%(的)(高)(考)(生)(认)(为)(今)(年)(的)(高)(考)(成)(绩)(将)(保)(持)(正)(常)(,)(与)(自)(己)(的)(平)(时)(成)(绩)(持)(平)(,)(有)10.6%(的)(高)(考)(生)(认)(为)(会)(高)(于)(预)(期)(,)(当)(然)(,)(也)(有)39.95%(的)(高)(考)(生)(认)(为)(将)(会)(低)(于)(之)(前)(的)(预)(期)(。)(不)(同)(性)(别)(高)(考)(生)(对)(于)(高)(考)(的)(信)(心)(程)(度)(也)(有)(较)(为)(明)(显)(的)(差)(异)(,)(男)(生)(的)(有)(信)(心)(程)(度)(要)(高)(于)(女)(生)(。)(调)(查)(显)(示)(,)(有)(接)(近)(一)(半)(的)(女)(生)(表)(示)(对)(高)(考)(不)(是)(很)(有)(信)(心)(,)(而)(仅)(有)27.74%(的)(男)(生)(表)(示)(不)(是)(很)(有)(信)(心)(。)(在)(对)(高)(考)(成)(绩)(的)(预)(期)(上)(,)46.73%(的)(女)(生)(认)(为)(高)(考)(成)(绩)(将)(低)(于)(预)(期)(。) (【)(编)(辑):(叶)(攀)(】) <!----> 编码:20205290352